Most of us suffer from common cold and flu symptoms at some point in the year. A change in the weather is often accompanied by symptoms of a cough and cold, and these symptoms grow during winters and seasonal shifts in climate.
Common colds are irritating for most of us as at best and can be more serious for those with weakened immune systems.
Even when taking the best care of their bodies, like bodybuilders, can be affected, so beware – if a colleague or member of your family has a cold, there’s a high chance you will be affected too.
The common cold is not fatal but flu can be fatal if not treated properly. A flu usually spreads over a large area and affects most of the people in the vicinity. People and animals – as well as air – can carry for flu viruses.
In this article, we focus on preventing a cold and these practices can also be used to prevent flu, though if your immune system is particularly hindered then the influenza vaccine is advised.
The Common Cold vs. Flu
It’s a tough to differentiate between the symptoms of common cold and flu, especially when you’re at the depths of a cold – it can feel truly awful! The common cold usually begins with a sore throat that might go away within a week. The other symptoms are a running and/or blocked nose, sneezing, and cough which might deepen. Fever is common in children. These conditions might last for 1 week and are contagious.
On the other hand, symptoms of flu are more serious. A flu is accompanied by very sore throat, high fever, headache, body aches, congestion in the chest, difficulty in swallowing and a cough.
Both a cold and the flu weaken the immune system and should be treated as soon as the symptoms are observed. Negligence in looking after yourself may lead to other infectious diseases.
How to Prevent Common Cold
The basic step starts with washing your hands. Wash thoroughly and often, and use an alcohol hand gel to make sure they’re as clean as possible. Avoid touching your nose or mouth to stop germs spreading – covering of nose and mouth with masks in and around public places is advisable as most of the public places have people who are suffering from a disease or the other. Airports, railway stations are the major areas where some safe guarding is required.
Wash clothes with some antiseptic solution added so that it kills away all the viruses received from external sources.
Regular vaccination for influenza is recommended as the number of cases are growing. Vaccination keeps you safe from a specific virus for prolonged period, so it’s a good habit to get whole of your family vaccinated.
Isolate the person who is suffering from cold and flu to limit the attack – coming in contact with the infected person over and over puts yourself in the danger zone.
How to Treat the Common Cold
- Rest: The body needs to fight the virus and proper rest makes sure that the energy is more utilized in fighting the viruses.
- Gargle: This is a home remedy and even doctors advise it. Gargle with hot water and add some salt in the water. The salt ensures that the germs are killed. Doing gargle relieves from throat issues.
- Drink hot beverages: Hot beverages like ginger tea, cardamom tea, turmeric milk give a big relief to chest and throat congestion. In fact ginger and turmeric act as natural anti-inflammatory and are a part of Ayurveda treatment.
- Consume Zinc based supplements: Zinc has shown significant improvement in increasing the immune system. Supplementation with Zinc comes really handy when suffering from common cold and flu.
- Include Vitamin C sources: Vitamin C can increase the body’s efficiency to fight diseases, especially combined with zinc. Vitamin C powder or citrus fruits can be consumed.